Incompatible Versions of Digital Humanity in Mike Lancaster's "0.4" and "1.4"


  • Emine Şentürk Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey



transhumanism, digital humanity, Mike Lancaster, 0.4, 1.4


This study examines the topic of the human being stuck in a transitional period between being human, transhuman, and posthuman. The focus of this article revolves around the analysis of Mike Lancaster's sequel novels "0.4" and "1.4" which depict events in a fictitious world, with the former focusing on the transformation of a conventional community into a digitally enhanced one and the latter depicting the presence of several versions of the upgraded humanity. This research employs transhuman and posthuman perspectives on selected novel excerpts that indicate the author's preoccupation with ambiguity and disobedience. Digital memory record of a diary is viewed as an instance of self-awareness that provides documentation for memory and archive which would be the only sign of the existence of a human version in this real world in contrast to the digital world.

Author Biography

Emine Şentürk, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey

Emine Şentürk is an Assistant Professor, PhD in the Department of English Language and Literature at Akdeniz University in Antalya, Turkey. She received her MA and PhD in British Cultural Studies at Hacettepe University, Turkey in the fields of gender studies and utopian / dystopian fiction respectively. Her research interests include contemporary utopian and dystopian fiction, intentional communities, science fiction, women’s literature, and modern art and fiction.


Chislenko, S. A., Sandberg, A., Kamphuis, A., Staring, L., Fantegrossi, B., Reynolds, D., Pearce, D., Otter, D., Bailey, D., Leitl, E., Alves, G., Wagner, H., Aegis, K., Elis, K., Crocker, L. D., More, M., Sverdlov, M., Vita-More, N., Bostrom, N., Fletcher, R., Spaulding, S.,... Quinn, T. (2013). Transhumanist Declaration (2012). In M. More & N. Vita-More (Eds.), The Transhumanist Reader: Critical and Contemporary Essays on the Science, Technology, and Philosophy of the Human Future (pp. 54-55). Wiley-Blackwell.

Ferrando, F. (2020). Philosophical Posthumanism. Bloomsbury.

Ferrando, F. (2013). Posthumanism, transhumanism, antihumanism, metahumanism, and new materialisms: Differences and relations. Existenz, 8(2), 26-32.

Forster, E. M. (1972). Collected Short Stories. Penguin.

Frenkel, M. S. (2003). Inheritable genetic modification and a brave new world: Did Huxley have it wrong?. Hastings Center Report, 33(2), 31-36.

Fromm, E. (1984). On Disobedience and Other Essays. Routledge & Kegan.

Huxley, J. (1959). New Bottles for New Wine. Chatto & Windus.

Kurzweil, R. (2006). The Singularity is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology. Penguin.

Lancaster, M. (2011). 0.4. Egmont.

Lancaster, M. (2012). 1.4. Egmont.

Lancaster, M. (2017). Ask the Author: Mike A. Lancaster. GoodReads.

Orwell, G. (2003). Nineteen Eighty-Four. Penguin.

Ranisch, R. & Sorgner S. L. (2014). Introducing Post- and Transhumanism. In Ranisch, R. & Sorgner, S. L. (Eds.), Post- and Transhumanism: An Introduction (pp. 7-29). Peter Lang.

Shaviro, S. (2009). The Singularity is Here. In M. Bould & C. Mieville (Eds.), Red Planets: Marxism and Science Fiction (pp. 103-117). Wesleyan UP.

Vinge, V. (1993). The Coming Technological Singularity: How to Survive in the Post-Human Era. Vision-21 Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering in the Era of Cyberspace, Westlake, Ohio, March 30-31, 1993. (pp.11-22). NASA Lewis Research Center and the Ohio Aerospace Institute, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

Walmsley, J. (2012). Mind and Machine. Palgrave.

Warwick, K. (2020). Superhuman enhancements via implants: Beyond the human mind. Philosophies, 5(3), 14.




How to Cite

Şentürk, E. (2023). Incompatible Versions of Digital Humanity in Mike Lancaster’s "0.4" and "1.4". English Studies at NBU, 9(1), 39–58.