Needs Analysis in ESP as a Motivator and Means to Optimise Academic ESP Courses


  • Albena Stefanova University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Denitsa Bozeva University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria



English for Specific Purposes, ESP, needs analysis, needs analysis in ESP, ESP courses


The paper presents the results of a needs analysis conducted to optimise the academic ESP courses at a Bulgarian university. There are few studies on the issue in Bulgaria unlike the global situation with universities and employers studying the ESP needs of their students and workforce regularly. Hence by carrying out a survey of the students at this particular university along with students from another six local universities and fifteen universities from eleven countries worldwide, all with the same profile, the research team expected to gather reliable information about the course parameters that require improvement. The student sample includes 939 local and 167 foreign students. In addition, a survey of 32 local faculty teaching language and/or subject matter was conducted to triangulate data and strengthen the research contribution to the enhanced course effectiveness based on the greater motivation for ESP acquisition by formulating recommendations for syllabi development.

Author Biographies

Albena Stefanova, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria

Albena Stefanova is a Senior Lecturer at the University of National and World Economy (UNWE), Sofia, Bulgaria, and has a PhD in Methodology of Teaching Modern Languages. She has been teaching English to students of philosophy, policing, law, economics, and political studies for over twenty years. Her main interests are in ESP and translation.

Denitsa Bozeva, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria

Denitsa Bozeva is a doctoral student at the Department of Statistics and Econometrics at the University of National and World Economy (UNWE), Sofia, Bulgaria. She has bachelor’s and master’s degrees in Statistics and Econometrics and has finished an economics high school profiled in banking.


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How to Cite

Stefanova, A., & Bozeva, D. (2023). Needs Analysis in ESP as a Motivator and Means to Optimise Academic ESP Courses. English Studies at NBU, 9(1), 21–38.