Looking for heteroglossia and chronotope in New York and London: Pacino and Loncraine's adaptations of "Richard III"





dialogism, heteroglossia, chronotope, adaptation studies, Mikhail Bakhtin, William Shakespeare


The relationship between a cinematic adaptation and its literary source has sparked scholarly debates in the field of adaptation studies. Developed by the Russian literary critic, Mikhail Bakhtin (1895-1975), dialogism can shed new light on the adaptation-source tie as it highlights the mutual interaction between the two sides. The present study argues that Al Pacino and Richard Loncraine's versions of William Shakespeare's Richard III (1593) stress such a dialogic aspect of the adaptation process. Within this dialogic framework, Pacino's Looking for Richard (1996) establishes a heteroglossial relation with the play as it seeks to eliminate the gap between Shakespeare and the movie's modern viewers. Loncraine's Richard III (1995), however, is marked by a significant chronotopic strategy which situates Richard in new social and political contexts through a change in the play's temporal and spatial elements.

Author Biography

Mohammad Reza Hassanzadeh Javanian, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Mohammad Reza Hassanzadeh Javanian, Ph.D. is currently a lecturer of English language and literature at the University of Tehran, Iran. He teaches literary movements, drama and literary prose there. His research interests include drama, adaptation studies, comparative literature and gender studies. Hassanzadeh Javanian has, in particular, concentrated on the notion of dialogism as developed by the philosopher and literary critic, Mikhail Bakhtin.


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How to Cite

Hassanzadeh Javanian, M. R. (2019). Looking for heteroglossia and chronotope in New York and London: Pacino and Loncraine’s adaptations of "Richard III". English Studies at NBU, 5(1), 59–76. https://doi.org/10.33919/esnbu.19.1.3