The colorization of Greek classic films as intersemiotic translation
Keywords:colorization, intersemiotic translation, color, Greek cinema, culture studies.
Intersemiotic translation constitutes a field of research and application including those of different modes of expression and substance transmis-sion from one text to another. According to Torop (2000) different types of texts such as films, and comics function as signification systems submitted into different translation processes either intra- or extratextual (intralin-guistic or intersemiotic as referred by Jakobson ) to serve a different kind of media communication. It is well known that the textual nature of film is ascertained by specific elements such as sound, episodes, montage including color which as a medium (“color means” as stated by Kress & van Leuween ) plays a very important role in the transfer of meaning ventured by film makers. In this paper I will attempt to designate the role of color as a mode of new signification through the application of colorization in two classic Greek black and white films. I will examine the films “And let the wife fear her husband” («Η δε γυνή να φοβήται τον άνδρα») and “A mess” («Της κακομοίρας») both classified in the classic Greek cinema period (1940–1970) and very popular with the Greek public. Film colorization was a widespread technique in the ‘80s in the United States and lately in Greece, not always well received due to film forgery reasons, as maintained by fans. In this paper I will try to explain how film colorization works as intersemi-otic translation and what is the new meaning acquired for the public by this procedure in the two films examined in the corpus.
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