New technologies, children and the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR): The gap between communication, infrastructure and the application of an European Regulation!


  • Victoria-Delia Bunceanu National School of Political and Administrative Studies (SNSPA)



GDPR, children, new technologies, controllers, rights, risks


One of the central concepts of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is the “data subject”. This notion in relation to the establishment of rights and obligations for controllers and processors becomes a common denominator in the implementation of this Regulation at the level of all Member States of the European Union. The Regulation (EU) 2016/679 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (GDPR) was adopted, in order to protect the privacy of data subject, whether a parent, an young person or a child. However, starting with the title we can identify two different actions: to assure the protection of personal data and the free movement of this data within and outside the Union borders. In this context we must take the following into account: the reality of conceptual gaps in interpretation of this document; old or non-existent infrastructure; legislative bottlenecks and the risks involved in the protection of children’s data. Are parents, young people or children properly informed about their rights and the risks to which they are exposed in an era of digitalization? Can online school ensure the protection of children? Does the current infrastructure allow the optimal implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation? My research, in this context, has the aim of identifying gaps between information, infrastructure and the application of the GDPR, using the content analysis method and the questionnaire as a qualitative method of research. The expected results of this research are awareness by state institutions about the risks to which children are exposed in an era of digitalization and the awareness of the controllers about the obligation to ensure the protection of children’s data in the processing process.


Bădescu, V.-S. 2020. Cateva consideraţii privind cadrul normativ şi practica administraţiei publice in Romania. In Bălan, E., D. Troanță, M. Văcărelu (coord.). Reglementările și practicile administrației publice: intreviziunea cercetării științifice și avatarurile realității, București: Wolters Kluwer, 302–314.

Boyer, H. 2008. Langue et identite. Sur le nationalisme linguistique. Limoges: Lambert – Lucas.

Carpinschi, A. Toleration as modus vivendi. In Walzer, M. 2002. Despre tolerare. Bucureşti: Institutul European.

Charaudeau, P. 2001. “Langue, discours et identite culturelle”. Revue de didactologie des langues-cultures, 2001/3–4, No. 123–124, 341–348.

Charaudeau, P. 1995. “Une analyse semiolinguistique du discours”. Langages, 29e annee, n°117, Larousse, Paris, 96–111. Available at: (accessed 20 June 2023).

Charaudeau, P. 1983. Langage et discours – Elements de semiolinguistique.In Langue, Linguistique, Communication. Paris: Hachette Universite, 176.

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Avalaible at: (accessed 20 June 2023).

Chassigneux, C. 2001. “La protection des donnees personnelles en France”. Lex Electronica, Vol. 6, No. 2. Available at: (accessed 17 July 2023).

European Commission. Available at: (accessed 2 May 2023).

Jacques Delors: “Europa are nevoie de un suflet”. Actualitate Parlamentul European, 8 October 2010. [Interview]. Available at: https://www.europarl. (accessed 6 June 2023).

Ledroit, V. 2023. Plan de relance europeen: ou en est-on? Toute l'Europe, 24 October 2023. Available at: (accessed 20 January 2023).

Levi-Strauss, C. 1977. L`identite. Paris: Grasset.

Moroianu Zlătescu, I. 2007. Drepturile omului – un sistem in evoluţie. Bucureşti: Institutul Roman pentru Drepturile Omului.

Protection des donnees. Available at: (accessed 17 July 2023).

Regulament nr. 679 din 27 aprilie 2016 privind protecţia persoanelor fizice in ceea ce priveşte prelucrarea datelor cu caracter personal şi privind libera circulaţie a acestor date şi de abrogare a Directivei 95/46/CE (Regulamentul general privind protecţia datelor. (accessed 20 January 2023).

Salm C., W. Lehmann. 2020. “Jacques Delors Architect of the Modern European Union”. EPRS European Parliamentary Research Service. Available at: (accessed 6 June 2023).

Şandru, D.-M., I. Alexe (coord.). 2018. Legislaţia Uniunii Europene privind protecţia datelor personale. Bucureşti: Editura Universitară.

Şandru, S. 2016. Protecţia datelor personale şi viaţa privată. Bucureşti: Ed. Hamangiu.

Site-ul oficial al Uniunii Europene. Available at: (accessed 20 June 2023)

Schuman, R. 2020. Declaration by Robert Schuman 9 May 1950. European Economic and Social Committee. Available at: (accessed 6 June 2023).

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). Available at: (accessed 20 June 2023).

Tylor, E. B. 1903. Primitive Culture. Researches into the Development of Mythology, Philosophy, Religion, Language, Art and Custom. London: John Murray. Available at: (accessed 6 June 2023).

Vasiu, L. 2011. Criminalitatea in cyberspaţiu. Bucureşti: Universul Juridic.

Walzer, M. 2002. Despre tolerare. Bucureşti: Institutul European.




How to Cite

Bunceanu, V.-D. (2023). New technologies, children and the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR): The gap between communication, infrastructure and the application of an European Regulation!. Digital Age in Semiotics & Communication, 6, 74–108.