Sledva : Journal for University Culture http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva <p><em>SLEDVA</em> is a journal for university culture published twice a year by the New Bulgarian University in Sofia. The journal has started in 2000 and has 39 issues by now. Its title is a word game meaning both “to study at the university” and “to be continued”. The materials range from specialized academic essays and parts of larger researches to reviews and texts written by students. The journal has sections on literary studies, philosophy, art history, theater, cinema, visual arts, memory of the recent past, academic travels, creative writing and other. The editor-in-chief is Bilyana Kourtasheva, Ph.D. The graphic design is made by the contemporary artist Nadezhda Oleg Lyahova.</p> New Bulgarian University en-US Sledva : Journal for University Culture 1311-9060 Panic and Philosophy http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/356 <p>COVID-19 would have never been so ‘effective’ without its capacity to ‘pirate’ the global techno-economic networks: its microscopic ‘mind’ allows it to act in a macrotechnological, planetary scale. That is why the first effect of the virus was so spectacular and so COVID-19 would have never been so ‘effective’ without its capacity to ‘pirate’ the global techno-economic networks: its microscopic ‘mind’ allows it to act in a macrotechnological, planetary scale. That is why the first effect of the virus was so spectacular and so disastrous: contemporary Leviathan petrified for a moment while facing its own doppelganger. This meditation on the current condition starts from a passage from Dostoevsky’s <em>Crime and Punishment </em>and continues by examining the possibilities of philosophy in times of global panic. disastrous: contemporary Leviathan petrified for a moment while facing its own doppelganger. This meditation on the current condition starts from a passage from Dostoevsky’s <em>Crime and Punishment </em>and continues by examining the possibilities of philosophy in times of global panic.</p> Boyan Manchev ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 41 4 6 10.33919/sledva.20.41.1 Theatre in the Digital World. The Experiment of Theater Treffen 2020 http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/357 <p>An overview and analysis of <em>Berliner Theater Treffen 2020</em>. Existing already for 56 years, this major European theatre festival and the most representative one for the Germanspeaking world ventured on its first online edition. COVID-19 situation has not only activated the ongoing discussions on the influence of digital technologies on theatre, but has made it a most urgent topic. It has become central because of the isolation, the sudden flood of streamings of concerts, performances, films, etc. Two topics seem especially important in the festival context. First, how to make theatre in a digital format and what kind of theatre phenomena are produced in consequence of such experiments. Second, what are the possibilities when streaming theatre productions.</p> Violeta Decheva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 41 8 17 10.33919/sledva.20.41.2 Quarantinescapes http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/358 <p>A triptych comprised of micro-essays from the first days of the quarantine announced in Bulgaria on March 13, 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The focus is on the acute experience, that is, on the imagery of the world in our mind, on the perception of reality shaped by memory.</p> Yordan Eftimov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 41 18 27 10.33919/sledva.20.41.3 Pandemic Thoughts on the Future of Cities http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/359 <p>Will the COVID-19 pandemic change the future of the cities in any way? This paper tries to answer some of the questions related to the overcrowding of the cities, the relationship between living conditions, air pollution, risks of future pandemics, etc., and the role of architects and urban planners. “And today is only yesterday’s tomorrow…”, sing Uriah Heep, so it’s up to us what kind of World we will leave to our children and grandchildren…</p> Gergana Stefanova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 41 28 31 10.33919/sledva.20.41.4 NBU Center for the Book, Virtually http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/360 <p>The text presents the digital activities of the New Bulgarian University (NBU) Center for the Book during the time of pandemic, declared state of emergency and the closure of the university. The publication covers the work of the Publishing House, the Library, the University Archives and the Readers’ Club. In the period of isolation, the NBU Publishing House published new books in various fields and presented them via Facebook due to the impossibility to hold live meetings in the bookstore of the Center. During this period, the NBU Library (which is a combination of traditional and electronic resources and services) supported online learning through remote services. The University Archive presented virtually the personal archives of Prof. Milcho Leviev and Prof. Miroslav Yanakiev. The NBU Readers’ Club maintained its interest in reading by publishing video reviews of books selected before the pandemic, as Arthur Haley’s <em>Airport</em>, Svetlana Aleksievich’s <em>Chernobyl&nbsp;</em><em>Prayer</em>, and Olga Tokarchuk’s <em>Flights</em>.</p> Nadya Terzieva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 41 32 35 10.33919/sledva.20.41.5 Sense and Nonsense. Cézanne’s Doubt http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/361 <p><em>Sense and Nonsense </em>(<em>Sens et non-sens</em>) is the first major collection published by Maurice Merleau-Ponty at Editions Nagel in 1948. The triple division of topics dedicated to art, philosophy, and politics will be kept up to his last posthumously published book, <em>Visible&nbsp;</em><em>and Invisible </em>(1964). Similarly, his specific theory of art is fostered through the years by his interest in Cézanne’s life and work. <em>C</em><em>é</em><em>zanne’s Doubt </em>is a key text for <em>any </em>philosophy due to the challenging questions it poses ranging from psychoanalysis and depth psychology to ontology of art, awareness of meaning, predetermination, and freedom borne by the contact of one’s interior and exterior world. With the <em>Doubt </em>we continue to ask ourselves: What is that all-encompassing which is expressed by the small word ‘see’? How to grasp the positive sense of creativity? What is that ‘more enigmatic intertwined inthe very roots of being’? (The text appears for the first time in Bulgarian translated from the French by prof. Lidia Denkova.)</p> Maurice Merleau-Ponty ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 41 36 49 10.33919/sledva.20.41.6 To Follow a Dream: Ethiopia http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/362 <p>The author makes a concise survey of the Ethiopian history and art with an accent on the Christian cultural legacy. The article is an introduction to a more detailed travelogue / photo narrative that will be published in a next issue of <em>SLEDVA</em>.</p> Vladimir Dimitrov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 41 50 61 10.33919/sledva.20.41.7 The Dialogue of Stories and Pictures http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/363 <p>In <em>Prince and Plague </em>– a Relatively Late Avant-garde Project of 1931 Nikolay Rainov is one of the greatest experimenters of Bulgarian literature not just in terms of style but in terms of genre as well. His late modernist project <em>Prince and&nbsp;</em><em>Plague</em>, with ‘fearful fairy tales’ and illustrations, is among the most daring ones of the fading Bulgarian avant-garde. Published in two carefully designed books with a thematic series of drawings and pictures, these works have not yet found their adequate interpretation. Announced as children books, they obviously seek for an audience more radical in its thoughts and senses. Art historians have often defined these works as ‘secessionist’ but no doubt they could be placed somewhere betweenthe extreme expressionism and the surrealism.</p> Mihail Nedelchev ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 62 67 10.33919/sledva.20.41.8 The New Testament in Nikolay Rainov’s Novel "Between Desert and Life" http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/364 <p>The text offers a parallel and juxtaposing reading of the canonical evangelical texts and Nikolay Rainov’s novel <em>Between Desert and Life</em>. It is known that in his complicated transformation of the New Testament, the writer implants theosophical ideas in his narration radically changing the meaning and the message. Which is more, his incarnation of God is, in a strange way, evil and misanthropic. The interpretation shows closeness between passages of the novel and the book N. Rainov was translating at that time (1919) – <em>Thus Spoke Zarathustra</em>.</p> Maria Ogoyska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 68 72 10.33919/10.33919/sledva.20.41.9 Clarice’s Secret. On The Foreign Legion (A legião estrangeira, 1964) by Clarice Lispector http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/365 <p>The 13 stories of the collection <em>The Foreign Legion </em>(<em>A legi</em><em>ã</em><em>o estrangeira</em>, 1964), the first appearance of Clarice Lispector in Bulgarian, are a piece of hypnotic writing that is difficult to compare with any other writer’s language of that time. On the one hand, this prose has a memory of the European modernism with the experimental spirit of the Left Bank of the Seine, with elements of literary cubism and delicate traces of Judaic mysticism… On the other hand, the European refinement and suffistication are literally shaken by the local culture with its smell of jungle and its colorfully hysterical Latin American Catholicism.</p> Nadezhda Radulova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 74 76 10.33919/sledva.20.41.10 Alcaloids as Part of Russian Festive Culture http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/366 <p>The text analyses extensively the role of alcohol in Russian culture in terms of anthropology and literary history – from the traditional folklore, through 17th century texts, diary entries by Nicholas II of Russia about having champagne with the cavalry, drinking in the times of Stalin, Khrushchev, Gorbachov, in the youth subculture circles and the alcohol in some key literary texts of those periods.</p> Irina Georgieva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 77 84 10.33919/sledva.20.41.11 Not a Forest but a Neon Technological Urban Tree (On the Exhibition In Front of Me, 2020) http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/367 <p>The author’s exhibition <em>In Front of Me </em>is a visual symbiosis of two themes: two crises intertwined in the human behavior – the ecological one and the social one borne by the pandemic situation that turns into a deeper existential crisis and questioning of the human. The trees represented in large-scale paintings are not a forest but rather some singular entities, bare-stripped crowns strenuously cut into a gloomy sky.</p> Ventsislav Zankov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 86 89 10.33919/sledva.20.41.12 Carol Rama and the Pleasure of Image http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/368 <p>Carol Rama is one of the most provocative artists of the XX and XXI centuries. Although in different periods her work has been associated with some of the significant artistic movements of the XX century, such as surrealism, art brut, arte povera, she does not join any of the leading trends and artistic groups. This makes her work a challenge to the history of contemporary art.</p> Eva-Maria Ivanova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 90 99 10.33919/sledva.20.41.13 Groundless, Unsanctioned, and Unviolable Beauty (Christo and Jeanne-Claude at the UniArt Gallery) http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/369 <p>Choices that must be made when dealing with artworks defying representation challenge the curators to rethink the exhibition space and seek new ways to tell a story within it. This text is focused on the curatorial approach to an exhibition of posters from various site-specific projects by Christo and Jeanne-Claude. The text is also about the unique character of the works themselves as depicted on the posters, about the social and political background that connects Christo and the Bulgarian audience which was subtly contextualised in the NBU exhibition building.</p> Rosena Ivanova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 100 103 10.33919/sledva.20.41.14 Some Public Buildings of Vasilyov-Tsolov Architectural Bureau http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/373 <p>After a short survey of influences of German architecture on the formation of Bulgarian architectural scene after the Liberation (1878), the paper focuses on the interwar period known for its architectural practices, consisting of two leading architects. The influence of the modernist movements from this period on the classical architecture of the state and public buildings in Bulgaria is traced through the history of Vasilyov-Tsolov Architectural Bureau, its formation and philosophy. The article presents four examples of their significant projects, which are the pinnacle of their careers and largely shape the urban look of Sofia city center, having become its symbols, namely: St. Nedelya Church, Sofia University Library, the National Library, and Bulgarian National Bank.</p> Mitko Anatoliev ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 104 110 10.33919/sledva.20.41.15 Crowdsourcing in Support of BNT Public Function http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/374 <p>The text is driven by the concept of crowdsourcing and seeks its application in support of the public function of the Bulgarian National Television. The author develops concrete suggestions how to implement user-generated content for the benefit of the public media content.</p> Maria Cholakova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 111 113 10.33919/sledva.20.41.16 The Coin (Awarded play, excerpt) http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/375 <p>A young man – The Writer – has passed on and has turned up on the shore of the river Styx, without having anything to pay with to The Ferryman. The Ferryman agrees to let him travel the dreams of those, who call for him, who miss him, so he could convince them to bring him a coin. Wandering between the dreams of The Prostitute (whom he paid with stories, as he had no money) and The Publisher (who is to publish The Writer’s first book) and helping his only friend (The Tramp) to pass on as well, stuck between this world and the one beyond, The Writer is forced to revise his whole life, his attitude towards money, love and his art, so he could meet his Admirer at the end. But is The Writer worthy of admiration at all? And what were his relationships – were they not based entirely on money, or was there anything else?</p> Boyan Kracholov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 115 116 10.33919/sledva.20.41.17 Svetlana (Nominated play, excerpt) http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/376 <p><em>Svetlana </em>is a theatre collage of soulscapes of a few women born in Bulgaria, Russia and the USA before the fall of the Berlin Wall. Memories from the past alternate with letters, fantasies, and conflicts. The story of Svetlana Alliluyeva, Stalin’s daughter, is in the center of the play. Parallel to it is the story of Ada, born in the 1970s Bulgaria. Mainly in the form of monologues, the two women speak on the topic of money, truth, family, and the imprint of history on every person’s life.</p> Kalina Terziyska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 117 119 10.33919/sledva.20.41.18 The Inheritance (Nominated play, excerpt) http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/377 <p>A drama that began in 1990 when Annie was born. Already on the first night after her birth, dreams that took on the images of three men visit her. They predict that she is the one who will reveal the family secrets and their souls will be comforted because the dead are said „either good or nothing but the truth”. Time is an ally with the dreams. Events follow, but the time changes the years impartially. Ten years later, Annie’s grandmother and father die in a disaster. She, her mother and her brother also end up in the hospital.</p> Tania Yordanova (Rein) ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 120 122 10.33919/sledva.20.41.19 Assets (Nominated play, excerpt) http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/378 <p>A dystopian play representing a world based entirely on the number of assets people have. (Assets - points equal to the cash owned by each person.) People accumulate assets since childhood; the number of their assets determines their education, access to food, medicines, work. The main conflict is between the material represented by the Branch Managers who direct the assets flow, and the spiritual, represented by those who oppose them. The play is set in a city recently taken by the Branch. The new government promises progress and better life and most people support it. But there are others who disagree because they cannot stand the prohibition of music, books, parties.</p> Theodora Georgieva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 123 124 10.33919/sledva.20.41.20 About Money and Other Important Things (Nominated play, excerpt) http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/379 <p>The characters of the play are students in 1st, 3rd and 5th grade who are friends from school and neighborhood. They are from different socio-economic backgrounds depending on their parents’ work and social status. They share their problems, disappointments, dreams. The culmination of the play is their escape from school and going to the scating rink. On top of this forbidden act they lost a large amount of money that they have to give back (without telling the adults because they will be punished). Thus, the characters experience different trials, revealing their feelings, helping each other, demonstrating friendship, love, determination, as well as envy, bluster, rudeness. Each act of the play develops a separate financial theme, the complex issues are presented in a funny, playful way.</p> Theodora Panayotova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 125 127 10.33919/sledva.20.41.21 Table of content http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/sledva/article/view/380 <p>Table of content</p> Managing Editor ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 41 129 129