Sledva : Journal for University Culture <p><em>SLEDVA</em> is a journal for university culture published twice a year by the New Bulgarian University in Sofia. The journal has started in 2000 and has 39 issues by now. Its title is a word game meaning both “to study at the university” and “to be continued”. The materials range from specialized academic essays and parts of larger researches to reviews and texts written by students. The journal has sections on literary studies, philosophy, art history, theater, cinema, visual arts, memory of the recent past, academic travels, creative writing and other. The editor-in-chief is Bilyana Kourtasheva, Ph.D. The graphic design is made by the contemporary artist Nadezhda Oleg Lyahova.</p> New Bulgarian University en-US Sledva : Journal for University Culture 1311-9060 SLEDVA turns 20 ?! <p>An introductory text on the 20th anniversary of <em>SLEDVA</em> by the editor-in-chief, Bilyana Kourtasheva: the outcome is 40 issues, more than 4000 pages on university culture hallmarked by the New Bulgarian University; among the contributors are both renowned academics and students; some of the aspiring young authors have become well known names in their fields.</p> Bilyana Kourtasheva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-06 2020-04-06 40 4 5 10.33919/sledva.20.40.1 Heart and Ashes – the ‘Next’ Ciphers <p>The question “What next?” is a key one to all philosophical theories that consider causality, continuum, discontinuity, potentiality, and, more generally, probability. The notion of "cause" (aitia) and the rigid causality are based on what was said in the Fifth Book of Aristotle's Metaphysics, but ancient atomists, especially Plato, introduced the possibility of free "bifurcation of consequences", of symmetry and asymmetry of "next", which commence from an absolute new beginning. The principle of an absolute new beginning follows the interpretation of the myth of the deluge in <em>De </em><em>sapientia Veterum</em> (1609) by Francis Bacon. The "logical pluralism" of numerous cause and effect relationships as well as the continuity principle (as formulated by Leibniz) are encompassed in two ciphers in accordance with the classical definition of cipher by Karl Jaspers. The cipher “sameness” and the cipher “change” suggest that we ask ourselves once again about Aristotle's "probable impossibility", and the starting point is the little-known myth of Dionysus, torn to pieces and restored to a new body thanks to his heart, as well as the creation of humanity from the ashes of the stricken Titans.</p> Lidia Denkova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 40 6 13 10.33919/sledva.20.40.2 It Will be Hard after Medea <p>A blitz interview with Sneshina Petrova, award-winning actress and university professor, on her recent theatre and social project “Medea.”</p> Snezhina Petrova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 40 14 15 10.33919/sledva.20.40.3 After Medea, Or What Is in Common between Magic and Translation <p>A blitz interview with Georgi Gochev, classical scholar and translator, on his recent work on a new Bulgarian version of Euripides’ Medea done especially for Snezhina Petrova’s socially engaged staging of the ancient tragedy.</p> Georgi Gochev ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 40 16 19 10.33919/sledva.20.40.4 Christo and Jean-Claude at UniArt Gallery. The Story behind Prof. Konstantin Valchev’s Collection of Posters (An Interview Made by Dobromira Terpesheva) <p>UniArt Gallery at the New Bulgarian University held the exhibition <em>Christo and&nbsp; Jeanne Claude Software</em> featuring posters of drawings by Christo for his projects done together with Jeanne Claude. On this occasion, Dobromira Terpesheva speaks with Assoc. Prof. Konstantin Valchev to find out how he got a collection of over 40 posters signed by Christo, and what prompted his idea to exhibit them at the university gallery.</p> Dobromira Terpesheva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 40 20 25 10.33919/sledva.20.40.5 The Theatre of Bauhaus <p>How Bauhaus movement informs not only modern architecture but also modern theatre, dance, art, music, the structure of the stage, the idea of the space, etc.? The ‘theatre of Bauhaus’ is not a clear system of ideas shared by all the participants in the movement. On the contrary, there are many internal conflicts. But we could speak of concepts that were developed and became influential through Bauhaus, especially after the ‘branding’ of the movement in the US in the second half of 20<sup>th</sup> century.</p> Violeta Decheva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 40 26 31 10.33919/sledva.20.40.6 Bulgarian Architectural Modernism, German Influences, and Industrial Architecture <p>Celebrating the 100th anniversary of Bauhaus school, a team of researchers from “Bulgarian Modernist Architecture” examined archives of German technical universities where Bulgarian architects studied in the first half of the 20th century. The archives in Munich, Berlin and Dresden have preserved the names and records of hundreds of Bulgarian architects from the 1910s, 1920s and 1930s. Their education, university professors, the environment in which they were formed (exhibitions, artistic trends and events) including Bauhaus connections, and how all of these informed the architecture in our country between the two world wars were among the questions explored by the researchers Vassil Makarinov and Theodore Karakolev. After the research in Germany, the team also plans to delve in the industrial architecture from the interwar period - a topic that is poorly known in our country.</p> Vassil Makarinov Theodore Karakolev ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 40 32 39 10.33919/sledva.20.40.7 Jokha al-Harthi’s Stories <p>Short introduction to Jokha al-Harthi, her writing and the cultural context she comes from by the translator, Dr. Nedelya Kitaeva, who is teaching Arabic language and Culture at the New Bulgarian University.</p> Nedelya Kitaeva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 40 40 41 10.33919/sledva.20.40.8 Five Stories (Translated from the Arabic by Nedelya Kitaeva) <p>Five stories by the Oman writer and Man Booker International prize winner Jokha al-Harthi full of vigor and color, subdued emotions, subtle social and gender insights. <em>SLEDVA </em>is proud to host this first appearance of the author in Bulgarian. The stories are selected and translated from the Arabic by Dr. Nedelya Kitaeva, who is teaching Arabic language and Culture at the New Bulgarian University.</p> Nedelya Kitaeva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 40 42 50 10.33919/sledva.20.40.9 Through the Ancient Sights of West Georgia <p>A travelogue that combines modern pilgrimage with subtle observations of an art historian focused on the Christian Orthodox art and its astonishing monuments and relics in West Georgia.</p> Vladimir Dimitrov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 40 51 61 10.33919/sledva.20.40.10 Who’s Not Afraid of Shakespeare <p>The ever growing and updating Shakespearian context is the topic of this article examining the almost simultaneous appearance (in Bulgaria, 2019) of a book, a film, and a theatre production related to the Bard: the book is “Nothing Like the Sun” by Anthony Burgess (translated by M. Melnishka), the film is Kenneth Branagh’s “All Is True”, and the theatre production is “Romeo and Juliet” at the Mladezhki Theatre (Youth Theatre) in Sofia.</p> Mariana Melnishka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 40 62 67 10.33919/sledva.20.40.11 The Expressionist Influence in Eugene O'Neill’s Plays <p>The main focus in this study is the unique individual reception of the Expressionism in some of Eugene O'Neill’s plays from the 1920s: "The Emperor Jones" (1920) and "The Hairy Ape" (1922). A strong source of influence is August Strindberg and his experiments at the Chamber Theater in Stockholm. This can be traced by pointing out common thematic and stylistic features in Strindberg's trilogy "The Road to Damascus" and O'Neill's "The Emperor Jones".</p> <p>Another major source of influence is the German Expressionist movement from the first quarter of the 20th century, especially some of the leading playwrights like Georg Kaiser and Ernst Toller. Yet another source of influence are the German Expressionistic films of R. Wiene, F. Lang and Murnau, which followed most of the principles of the avant-garde trend.</p> Ksenia Kisselincheva ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 40 68 73 10.33919/sledva.20.40.12 Moral and Political Ideology in Georgi Markov’s Sharp Criticism of Bulgarian Totalitarianism <p>The task of this text by the is to outline the main political and ethical ideas that Georgi Markov (Bulgarian writer and dissident, murdered in exile by the Secret Services) maintains in his constant and often radical criticism towards Bulgaria regime during the years. Italian professor Giuseppe Dell’ Agata’s main point is related to Markov’s unshattered conviction that the Bulgarian regime created by the Communist Party had nothing to do with the communism or the socialism but was simply an example of state capitalism.</p> Giuseppe Dell’ Agata ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 40 74 81 10.33919/sledva.20.40.13 AICA Congress in Poland in 1960: “International Character of Contemporary Art” <p>The art historian prof. Irina Genova traces the history of AICA (Association internationale des critiques d’art) and focuses on its congress in Poland (Warsaw and Krakow) in 1960. The carefully chosen topic of the congress, “International Character of Contemporary Art”, meant to provide a meeting point for Western European and Eastern European artists and to open the post-Stalinist Eastern art scene to the contemporary tendencies of the abstract painting. The situation was different in the different countries. The research draws a parallel between the quite open Polish scene and the more conservative and closed Bulgarian one and the reception the congress had in those two contexts.</p> Irina Genova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 40 82 90 10.33919/sledva.20.40.14 Photographic Image as a Key Element of Contemporary Advertisement <p>This article explores the general content of printed advertisement, its elements and their interaction. By making a brief presentation of the different elements involved in print advertising, the research attempts at presenting and summarizing the role in advertising of illustrations and photographic images in particular. The study will also try to give a clear answer to the question concerning the quantity of photographic images compared to other types of illustrations, drawings, collages or computer generated images in Bulgarian print advertising during the period 2000-2017.</p> Angel Kotsev ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-07 2020-04-07 40 91 96 10.33919/sledva.20.40.15 Editorial <p>Editorial board</p> Managing editor ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-08 2020-04-08 40 2 2 Table of content <p>Table of content</p> Managing editor ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-08 2020-04-08 40 3 3 Table of content <p>Table of content</p> Managing editor ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-08 2020-04-08 40 97 97