English Studies at NBU http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/ESNBU <p><strong>English Studies at NBU (ESNBU)</strong> is an entirely open access, double-blind peer reviewed academic journal published by the Department of Foreign Languages and Cultures, New Bulgarian University in two issues per year, June and December, in print and online. <br>ESNBU welcomes original research articles, book reviews, discussion contributions and other forms of analysis and comment encompassing all aspects of English Studies and English for professional communication and the creative professions. Manuscripts are accepted in English. Translations of published articles are generally not accepted.</p> <p>ESNBU is indexed in <a href="http://mjl.clarivate.com/cgi-bin/jrnlst/jlresults.cgi?PC=MASTER&amp;ISSN=2367-5705">Web of Science</a>, <a href="http://www.ceeol.com/search/journal-detail?id=1226">CEEOL</a>, MLA,&nbsp;<a href="https://doaj.org/toc/2367-8704">DOAJ</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info.action?id=488379">ERIH PLUS</a>, <a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=2367-5705">Crossref</a>, <a href="https://elibrary.ru/title_about.asp?id=55795">RSCI</a>&nbsp;(РИНЦ), EBSCO,&nbsp;<a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2367-8704">ROAD</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://zdb-katalog.de/title.xhtml?idn=1104295822">ZDB</a>,&nbsp;<a href="http://ezb.uni-regensburg.de/searchres.phtml?bibid=AAAAA&amp;colors=7&amp;lang=de&amp;jq_type1=QS&amp;jq_term1=2367-8704">EZB</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?lookfor=esnbu&amp;name=&amp;oaboost=1&amp;newsearch=1&amp;refid=dcbasen">BASE</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://explore.openaire.eu/search/find?keyword=English%20Studies%20at%20NBU">OpenAIRE</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://idiscover.lib.cam.ac.uk/primo-explore/search?query=any,contains,2367-8704&amp;tab=online_res&amp;search_scope=SCOP_ONLINE&amp;vid=44CAM_PROD&amp;lang=en_US&amp;offset=0">iDiscover</a>,&nbsp;Brill&nbsp;<a href="https://bibliographies.brillonline.com/search?s.q=%222367-5705%22&amp;s.f.s2_parent=s.f.book.linguistic-bibliography">Linguistic Bibliography</a>, and evaliated by&nbsp;<a href="http://miar.ub.edu/issn/2367-5705">MIAR</a>...<a href="https://esnbu.org/">more</a></p> <p>English Studies at NBU is archived in the&nbsp;<a href="https://plus.bg.cobiss.net/opac7/bib/nbkm/1275724772">Bulgarian National Library</a>&nbsp;“St. St. Cyril and Methodius” (both print and digital full text formats),&nbsp;<a href="https://www.ceeol.com/search/journal-detail?id=1226">Central and Eastern European Online Library</a>&nbsp;(CEEOL) (digital, full text),&nbsp;<a href="https://catalog.loc.gov/vwebv/holdingsInfo?bibId=20878817">The Library of Congress</a>&nbsp;(both print and digital),&nbsp;The British Library (both print and digital)</p> New Bulgarian University en-US English Studies at NBU 2367-5705 <p>All published articles in the ESNBU are licensed under the <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0" rel="nofollow">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial</a> 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0). This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.<br><br> In other words, under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license users are free to<br> Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format<br> Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material<br> <br> Under the following terms:</p> <p><img class="wikiimage" src="http://esnbu.org/data/files/attrib.gif" alt=""><strong>Attribution</strong> (by) - All CC licenses require that others who use your work in any way must give you credit the way you request, but not in a way that suggests you endorse them or their use. If they want to use your work without giving you credit or for endorsement purposes, they must get your permission first.<br> <br> <img class="wikiimage" src="http://esnbu.org/data/files/noncomm.gif" alt=""><strong>NonCommercial</strong> (nc) - You let others copy, distribute, display, perform, and modify and use your work for any purpose other than commercially unless they get your permission first.<br> <br> If the article is to be used for commercial purposes, we suggest authors be contacted by email.<br> <br> If the law requires that the article be published in the public domain, authors will notify ESNBU at the time of submission, and in such cases the article shall be released under the <a href="https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode" rel="nofollow">Creative Commons 1 Public Domain Dedication waiver</a> CC0 1.0 Universal.</p> <h3>Copyright<a id="Z5"></a></h3> <p>Copyright for articles published in ESNBU are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. Authors retain full publishing rights and are encouraged to upload their work to institutional repositories, social academic networking sites, etc. ESNBU is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.</p> <h3>Exceptions to copyright policy<a id="Z6"></a></h3> <p>Occasionally ESNBU may co-publish articles jointly with other publishers, and different licensing conditions may then apply.</p> Contents http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/ESNBU/article/view/492 ESNBU Editorial Board ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 7 1 1 1 About the journal http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/ESNBU/article/view/493 ESNBU Editorial Board ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-05-24 2021-05-24 7 1 2 2 Gertrude Bonnin on Sexual Morality http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/ESNBU/article/view/494 <p>This paper examines attitudes to sexual morality held by the Yankton Dakota author and activist Gertrude Bonnin (1876–1938), better known by her penname Zitkála-Šá (Red Bird in Lakota). Bonnin’s concerns encompass several themes: the victimization of Indian women, disintegration of Native courtship rituals, sexual threats posed by peyote use, and the predatory nature of Euro-American men. This critique as a whole — in which a ‘white invasion,’ in her words, leads to a corruption of Native sexuality — sometimes produces inconsistencies, particularly regarding Bonnin’s statements on the alleged sexual perils of peyote. Her investigations into the Oklahoma guardianship scandals of the 1920s, however, strongly buttress recent research by Sarah Deer (2015), whose study, <em>The Beginning and End of Rape: Confronting Sexual Violence in Native America</em>, highlights the tragic aspects of Native-white sexual relations under United States settler-colonialism.</p> Tadeusz Lewandowski ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 7 1 5 20 10.33919/esnbu.21.1.1 A Hauntological Reading of Daphne du Maurier’s “Rebecca” http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/ESNBU/article/view/499 <p>This essay focuses on the way the main characters in Daphne du Maurier’s novel <em>Rebecca</em> (1938) cope with the haunting influence of the past and attempts to read their struggle through the theoretical approach developed by Jacques Derrida in his <em>Specters of Marx</em> (1993). This approach, termed “hauntology” by Derrida himself, revolves around the notion of the “specter” haunting the present and emphasizes the need to find new ways of responding to it, especially because of the existing ontological failure to do so. The essay complements this reading with the earlier comparable theory of the “phantom” and “transgenerational haunting” developed by psychoanalysts Nicolas Abraham and Maria Torok. A “hauntological” reading of <em>Rebecca</em> through these tools yields results that are significantly different from traditional approaches. Suggesting that the main characters in <em>Rebecca</em> are complete failures in dealing with the specter in a Derridean sense, the essay argues that the novel expects from the discerning reader a more insightful approach and a better potential to understand the specter. It is suggested further that a proper acknowledgement of the specter in <em>Rebecca</em> reaches beyond this particular novel, having subtle but significant implications concerning not only literary analysis but also social and cultural prejudices.</p> Nil Korkut-Nayki ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 7 1 21 36 10.33919/esnbu.21.1.2 Margaret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake as a Critique of Technological Utopianism http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/ESNBU/article/view/495 <p>While there are major works tracing the themes of belonging and longing for home in contemporary fiction, there is no current study adequately addressing the connection between dystopian novel and nostalgia. This paper aims to illustrate how the Canadian writer Margaret Atwood uses nostalgia as a framework to level a critique against technological utopianism in her dystopian novel <em>Oryx and Crake</em> (2003). The first novel in Atwood’s “<em>MaddAddam Trilogy</em>” problematizes utopian thought by focusing on the tension between two utopian projects: the elimination of all suffering and the perfection of human beings by discarding their weaknesses. Despite the claims of scientific objectivity and environmentalism, the novel exposes the religious and human-centered origins of Crake’s technological utopian project. Atwood’s <em>Oryx and Crake</em> is an ambiguous work of science fiction that combines utopian and dystopian elements into its narrative to criticize utopian thought.</p> Murat Kabak ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 7 1 37 50 10.33919/esnbu.21.1.3 Identity and Diasporic Trauma in Mira Jacob's “The Sleepwalker's Guide to Dancing” http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/ESNBU/article/view/500 <p>This article explores the assimilation politics in Mira Jacob’s Novel <em>The</em><em> Sleepwalker’s Guide to Dancing</em> (2013). The intersection of memory, trauma, and mourning with reference to immigrant experience is discussed. In terms of assimilation, Barkan’s six stage model is critiqued, and diasporic ‘hybridity’ is proposed as an alternative to the notion of total assimilation. In the analysis of traumatic experience, the paper makes reference to Caruth’s formulations of the ‘abreactive model’. <em>The Sleepwalker’s Guide to Dancing</em> (2013) is a transcultural text that represents the gap that truly exists between the first-generation immigrants and their offspring. It is a typical trauma novel featuring timeless and unspeakable experiences. The novel does not present a postcolonial collective trauma but invariably an example of diasporic imagined trauma. By presenting two contrasting generations in her novel, Mira Jacob attempts to highlight the dilemmas that baffle diasporas in the United States particularly of those that resist assimilation. Much of the narrative projects the haunting presence of home, and the anguish of personal loss experienced by first generation immigrants. Moreover, the novel questions the nostalgic and romantic engagements with the past and it promotes a bold affirmation of the culture of the adopted land. In other words, Mira Jacob calls for more genuine engagements with the new culture that the second and the third-generation immigrants are more exposed to than their home culture because their in-between status leaves them with no choice.</p> Jameel Alghaberi Sanjay Mukherjee ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 7 1 51 68 10.33919/esnbu.21.1.4 Puritan Projections In Nathaniel Hawthorne’s "The Scarlet Letter" And Stephen King’s "Carrie" http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/ESNBU/article/view/501 <p>It is considered that the Puritans that populated New England in the 17<sup>th</sup> century left a distinctive mark on the American culture. The article explores some projections of Puritan legacy in two American novels of different periods – Nathaniel Hawthorne’s <em>The Scarlet Letter</em> (1850) and Stephen King’s <em>Carrie </em>(1974). After establishing a connection between the Puritan writings and gothic literature, the two novels are analyzed in terms of some Puritan projections, among which are the problem of guilt and the acceptance of an individual in the society. Some references regarding the idea of the witch and the interpretations it bears, especially in terms of the female identity, are also identified. Despite the different approach of the authors in terms of building their characters, those references are mostly used in a negative way, as an instrument of criticism and exposing inconvenient truths.</p> Maria Anastasova ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 7 1 69 86 10.33919/esnbu.21.1.5 Hiroshima, Mokusatsu and Alleged Mistranslations http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/ESNBU/article/view/496 <p>This paper revisits the issue of the importance of context and critical thinking in translation and translation training by examining the linguistic controversy over the translation of the word <em>mokusatsu</em> in the statement of Japan’s Prime Minister Suzuki in response to the Potsdam Declaration. There is a widespread belief that the bombing of Hiroshima in August of 1945 was caused by a translation mistake. The author sides with the opposing view, i.e. that such an approach takes one word of the statement out of context in order to shift the focus of the problem from politics to linguistics. The message of the statement is unambiguous when analyzed in its entirety. As a result, it is obvious there was no translation mistake and the bomb was dropped for reasons other than translation quality. Sadly enough, the myth lives on as a textbook example of ‘the worst translation mistake in history” whereas it should be taught as an example of probably ‘the worst translation myth in history’.</p> Boris Naimushin ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 7 1 87 96 10.33919/esnbu.21.1.6 Collocational Knowledge Uptake by University Students under Online Learning http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/ESNBU/article/view/svetlana-danilina <p>The article discusses an experiment that looked into the acquisition of collocational knowledge in three university groups studying online, each subjected to different learning conditions: incidental acquisition, intentional acquisition, and intentional acquisition with an extra productive output (essay), the latter having been assessed for the amount and accuracy of target lexis usage in their texts. The aim of the study was to see how well upper-intermediate university students could identify collocations in an input text, and how the text-based output affected the collocational uptake outcomes. The study showed that the productive output group outperformed the other intentional learning group, while incidental acquisition group failed to complete a productive knowledge posttest. Although the study revealed only slightly higher gains in the output group, their results appeared more consistent than those demonstrated by the other intentional uptake group, whose retention rate decreased by the time of delayed posttest.</p> Svetlana Danilina ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-05-24 2021-05-24 7 1 97 117 10.33919/esnbu.21.1.7 Análisis del discurso en la era digital. Una recopilación de casos de estudio – Book Review http://ojs.nbu.bg/ojs/index.php/ESNBU/article/view/498 <p><strong>Book details</strong></p> <p><strong>Title:<br> </strong>Análisis del discurso en la era digital. Una recopilación de casos de estudio</p> <p><strong>Editors:<br> </strong>Belda-Medina, José and Casañ-Pitarch, Ricardo</p> <p><strong>Publisher:<br> </strong>Comares S.L., 152 pages</p> <p><strong>Year of publication:</strong><br> 2020</p> <p><strong>ISBN:</strong> 978-84-9045-999-76</p> Eroulla Demetriou ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-06-01 2021-06-01 7 1 119 132 10.33919/esnbu.21.1.8